Sturmgewehr 44

The StG 44 - abbreviation of Sturmgewehr 44 - is a German selective-fire rifle developed during World War II that was the first of its kind to see major deployment and is considered to be the first modern assault rifle. It is also known under the designations MP 43 and MP 44 (Maschinenpistole 43, Maschinenpistole 44 respectively). The StG 44 was the first successful weapon of its class, and the concept had a major impact on modern infantry small arms development. By all accounts, the StG 44 fulfilled its role admirably, particularly on the Eastern Front, offering a greatly increased volume of fire compared to standard infantry rifles and greater range than submachine guns. However, it came too late to have a significant effect on the outcome of the war.

Service history

In service: 1943–May 1945

Production history

Designer: Hugo Schmeisser
Designed: 1942
Manufacturer: C. G. Haenel Waffen und Fahrradfabrik, CITEFA, Steyr-Daimler-Puch
Produced: September 1943–May 1945
Number built: 425,977
Variants: Mkb 42(H), Mkb 42(W), Mp 43, Mp 44

Specifications

Weight: 4.6 kg (10 lb) unloaded with magazine/ 5.13 kg (11.3 lb) loaded
Length: 94 cm (37 in)
Barrel length: 42 cm (16.5 in)
Cartridge: 7.92×33mm Kurz,(7.9mm Kurz or Pistolenpatrone 43)
Action: Gas-operated, tilting bolt, full auto or semi-auto
Rate of fire: 550–600 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity: 685 m/s (2,247 ft/s)
Effective firing range: 300 m (automatic) 600 m (semi-automatic)
Feed system: 30-round detachable box magazine
Sights: Adjustable sights, rear: V-notch; front: hooded post